Sana Caves, Una

CategoryCaves

Languages KnownGujarati, Hindi

AddressSana Caves, Vankiya, Una, Gir Somnath, Gujarat.

pincode362530

DistrictGir Somnath

About Sana Caves, Una

Transportation

BY ROAD Somnath is 79 km from Junagadh and 25 km from Chorwad. State transport buses and private luxury coaches connect various centres of Gujarat to Somnath.

BY RAIL Somnath is located 6 km from the nearest railway station at Veraval.

History

The hill has 62 rock shelters scattered at different levels. The most interesting group has ornate carvings and stupas, rock cut pillows, benches and chaityas. Some caves also have a dome and pillared hall. Experts believe that these are among the few earliest caves of Western India dating from 2nd century.


Footprints of Buddhism in Gujarat can be traced back to 270 BC. This was the period when Ashoka the Great ruled Saurashtra and was striving to spread the teachings and philosophy of Gautam Buddha across his empire. The ideology of Buddhism started gaining roots in various places in Gujarat, including Junagadh, Somnath, Velavar and the mouth of the River Indus—along with a host of other far flung areas in the state. The accounts written by Chinese scholars and travelers of the likes of Hiuen Tsiang and I-Tsing bear testimony to the spread of Buddhism in these parts of the world.


Buddhism started spreading across the nation and Gujarat in particular between the periods 27 B.C. to 470 A.D. Various archaeological remains and historical facts point to the development of embellishments and shelters in and around the areas of Somnath and Vadnagar. Sana Caves was the most prominent amongst them. These caves were located in the precincts of the Sana Hill, which is located 25 km north-east of Una and witnessed the rise and fall of a once flourishing monastery. With several water tanks and shelters to their credit, Sana Caves were constructed on the three slopes of an elevated plateau sloping down to the waters of River Rupen on the western face of the elevation.

Famous for

Cave 26 and Cave 13 are different from the others. They have long verandahs with simple pillars resting on raised basements. These function as a support system for the beams above. The monasteries are also exquisitely designed with pillared verandahs which usually contain up to 4 cells at the back. The presence of benches around the hall is also an important feature of these caves.

These caves are distinctive in nature and are marked by their austere and simplistic designs. Most tourists notice a complete absence of engravings and ornate carvings—which are present in most of the other Buddhist caves in Gujarat. The caves also contain three chaitya grihas, which possess apsidal walls and flat ceilings.

Best time to Visit

In summer or in vacation time

Best time to Go

During Day

Distance of nearest cities

  • Somnath
    to
    Ahmedabad
    406km
  • Somnath
    to
    Ambaji
    585km
  • Somnath
    to
    Amreli
    164km
  • Somnath
    to
    Bharuch
    546km
  • Somnath
    to
    Bhavnagar
    277km
  • Somnath
    to
    Bhuj
    399km
  • Somnath
    to
    Dahod
    580km
  • Somnath
    to
    Dwarka
    230km
  • Somnath
    to
    Gandhinagar
    434km
  • Somnath
    to
    Himmatnagar
    485km
  • Somnath
    to
    Jamnagar
    269km
  • Somnath
    to
    Junagadh
    79km
  • Somnath
    to
    Mehsana
    480km
  • Somnath
    to
    Morbi
    489km
  • Somnath
    to
    Palanpur
    552km
  • Somnath
    to
    Porbandar
    129km
  • Somnath
    to
    Saputara
    784km
  • Somnath
    to
    Surat
    642km
  • Somnath
    to
    Valsad
    709km

Map


Public Transport to Go

Nearest bus stand is Una and thier inquiry no. is, 02875221600

Nearest Railway Station is Kodinar and Indian Railway Inquiry no. is, 139

Nearest Airport is Rajkot and thier inquiry no. is, 02812451849

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