Father of the Nation

... Mohandas Gandhi Porbandar

pincode360575

DistrictPorbandar

More about Mohandas Gandhi

Education

barrister-at-law

Alfred High School, Rajkot

Samaldas College, Bhavnagar

University College, London

Life story

early life. indian nationalist leadermohandas karamchand gandhi, more commonly known asmahatma gandhi, in porbandar, kathiawar, india, which was then part of the british empire. his father, karamchand gandhi, served as a chief minister in porbandar and other states in western india.

Famous For

Famous for Leadership of Indian independence movement, philosophy of Satyagraha, Ahimsa or nonviolence, pacifism Movement Indian National Congress

Achievement

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was the preeminent leader of the Indian independence movement in British-ruled India. Employing nonviolent civil disobedience, Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. The honorific Mahatma (Sanskrit: “high-souled”, “venerable”)—applied to him first in 1914 in South Africa,—is now used worldwide. He is also called Bapu (Gujarati: endearment for “father”,”papa”in India. In common parlance in India he is often called Gandhiji. He is unofficially called the Father of the Nation.

Awards

Monument to M.K. Gandhi in New Belgrade, Serbia. On the monument is written “Nonviolence is the essence of all religions”.

Time magazine named Gandhi the Man of the Year in 1930. Gandhi was also the runner-up to Albert Einstein as “Person of the Century” at the end of 1999. The Government of India awarded the annual Gandhi Peace Prize to distinguished social workers, world leaders and citizens. Nelson Mandela, the leader of South Africa’s struggle to eradicate racial discrimination and segregation, was a prominent non-Indian recipient. In 2011, Time magazine named Gandhi as one of the top 25 political icons of all time.

Gandhi did not receive the Nobel Peace Prize, although he was nominated five times between 1937 and 1948, including the first-ever nomination by the American Friends Service Committee,[260] though he made the short list only twice, in 1937 and 1947. Decades later, the Nobel Committee publicly declared its regret for the omission, and admitted to deeply divided nationalistic opinion denying the award. Gandhi was nominated in 1948 but was assassinated before nominations closed. That year, the committee chose not to award the peace prize stating that “there was no suitable living candidate” and later research shows that the possibility of awarding the prize posthumously to Gandhi was discussed and that the reference to no suitable living candidate was to Gandhi. GeirL undestad, Secretary of Norwegian Nobel Committee in 2006 said, “The greatest omission in our 106 year history is undoubtedly that Mahatma Gandhi never received the Nobel Peace prize. Gandhi could do without the Nobel Peace prize, whether Nobel committee can do without Gandhi is the question”. When the 14th Dalai Lama was awarded the Prize in 1989, the chairman of the committee said that this was “in part a tribute to the memory of Mahatma Gandhi”.

”Father of the Nation”