The district is bounded by Panchmahal and Dahod districts to the north, Anand and Kheda districts to the west, Bharuch and Narmada districts to the south, and the state of Madhya Pradesh to the east. The tallest point in the region is Pavagadh Hill. The Mahi River passes through the district.
The physiography of Vadodara features a number of rivers. The main city of Vadodara is located on the banks of river Vishwamitri. Besides, the topography of Vadodara also features Narmada river to its south and Mahi river to its north.
BACK IN TIME
Modern Baroda is a memorial to its late ruler, Sayaji Rao Gaekwad III (1875–1939). It was the dream of this able administrator to make Baroda an educational, industrial and commercial centre.
Baroda has a rich historical background. The historian can trace Baroda’s history over 2000 years and more. However, the recent threads can be picked up when the Moghul rule over the city came to an end in 1732, when Pilaji brought the Maratha activities in Southern Gujarat to a head and captured it. Except for a short break, Baroda continued to be in the hands of the Gaekwads from 1734 to 1949.
The greatest period in the Maratha rule of Baroda started with the accession of Maharaja Sayajirao III in 1875. It was an era of great progress and constructive achievements in all fields.
Maharaja Sayajirao was one of the foremost administrators and reformers of his times. He initiated a series of bold socio-economic reforms. He attached great importance to economic development and started a number of model industries to encourage initiative, and then handed back the working industries to private enterprise. He started model textile and tile factories. It is as a result of his policy of industrial development that Baroda is today one of the most important centres for textile, chemical and oil industries today. He introduced a number of social reforms. In no department of administration has the far-sighted policy of this wise ruler been more conspicuous than in education, and in none have the results been more real and tangible. He boldly introduced compulsory primary education and a library movement (the first of its kind in India) to augment his adult education scheme.
POINTS OF INTEREST
Laxmi Vilas Palace, Sayaji Gardens, Vadodara Museum and picture galary, Ajwa Garden, Kabirvad, Baps Shri Swaminarayan Temple, Sursagar Lake, Maharaja Sayajirao University, Makarpura Palace, Maharaja Fateh singh Museum, Narmada Canal, Qutbuddin Hajira.
Chhota-Udepur is about 100 km from Vadodara and visited for its tribal heritage. Chhota Udepur is home of Kali Niketan, a heritage Homestay that hosts overseas guests. Kali Niketan besides an orchard retreat is a virtually live inn Museum of antiques and the owner (From the royal family) has maintained it with care. The area is very green and full of farms all around and base point to visit reserve forests and tribal areas around.
Towards the border with Rajasthan, Chhota Udepur shares a history with Devgadh Baria and Rajpipla as one of the three princely states of eastern Gujarat. The small town sits on the edge of a big lake, with a series of temples along the skyline. The Jain temple is an interesting example of the influence of Victorian art on local building styles. Structures from the 1920s such as the Kusum Vilas Palace(also a heritage hotel) and Prem Bhavan are also worth visiting, though they need permission from the local royal family. For information on Kali Niketan, a heritage hotel on the Orsang river.
"An offbeat heritage getaway on Gujarat - Madhya Pradesh border in a Tribal heartland. Guests here arrive for heritage home stay and experience of authentic tribal villages and countryside."
POINTS OF INTEREST
Kali Temple, Jain Derasar, Kusum Vilas Palace, Prem Bhavan Palace