The district is located on the Kathiawar peninsula in western Gujarat. It is surrounded by Rajkot District (North), Porbandar District (North-West), Amreli District(East). To the South and West is the Arabian Sea.
Junagadh is connected to Rajkot and Ahmedabad by National Highway NH8D which also connects Junagadh to Veraval and Somnath. Junagadh city Bypass on NH8D obviates the need for through vehicles to enter the city. In the south, Junagadh is connected to Bilkha and Sasan Gir Lion Sanctuary. Kalwo river runs through Junagadh; Ferguson bridge is built over it to connect the two parts of the city. A bridge is also constructed on river Sonrakh in the northern outskirts of the city. Mount Girnar is connected with Junagadh by road. Rickshaws are generally preferred as mode of transportation.
District comprises of 14 Talukas.
Porbandar, Mahatma Gandhi's birthplace, was earlier a part of this district, before the Porbandar district was carved out of Junagadh district.
Junagadh has a mountain range called Girnar which is a place of pilgrimage for Hinduism and Jainism.
BACK IN TIME
Junagadh is the headquarters of Junagadh district in the Indian state of Gujarat. The city is the 7th largest in Gujarat, located at the foot of the Girnar hills, 355 km south west of state capital Gandhinagar and Ahmedabad. Literally translated, Junagadh means "Old Fort". An alternate etymology gives the name as coming from "Yonagadh", literally "City of the Yona (Greeks)," referring to the ancient inhabitants of the city under theIndo-Greek Kingdom. It is also known as "Sorath", the name of the earlier Princely State of Junagadh. After a brief struggle between India and Pakistan, Junagadh joined India on 9 November 1947. It was a part of Saurashtra state and later Bombay state. In 1960, after the Maha Gujarat movement, it became part of newly formed Gujarat state.
Junagadh is situated at the foot of Mount Girnar. Junagadh has Arabian sea to its southwest, Porbandar to its north and Amreli to its east. Junagadh city is divided into number of areas Main city is clustered around M.G. Road and Kalwa Chowk. Other areas are Gandhigram, Zanzarda Road, Talaw Darwaza, Bus-stand, Sakkar Baug, Timbawadi, Joshipara and Girnar Taleti. These areas comes under the administration of Junagadh Municipal Corporation.
POINT OF INTEREST
Adi-Kadi Vav Stepwall, Ahmadpur Mandvi Beach, Ashok Shilalekh, Ayurvedic Museum, Buddhist Caves, Chorwad Beach, Damodar Kund, Damodar Temple, Darbar Hall Museum, Datar Hills, Gayatri and Vagheshwari Mandir, Gir Wildlife National Park, Girnar Jain Temple, Jama Masjid, Junagadh Caves, Junagadh Museum, Kankai, Madhavpur Beach, Mahabat Maqbara, Mitiyala Wildlife Sanctuary, Moti Baug, Mujkund Caves, Narsinh Mehta Lake, Navghan Kuwo Stepwall, Pania Wildlife Sanctuary, Sakkarbaug Zoo, Sarkheswar Beach, Science Museum, Shri Swaminarayan Mandir, Somnath Shiva Temple, Sonapur, Swami Vivekananda Vinay Mandir, Talala, Tombs of the Babi Nawabs, Uparkot Fort, Veraval Beach, Wellington Dam
GIR FOREST NATIONAL PARK(SASAN GIR)
The Gir Forest National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary (also known as Sasan-Gir, is a forest and wildlife sanctuary near Talala Gir in Gujarat, India. Established in 1965
Its region is the sole home of the Asiatic lion (Panthera leo persica) in the wilderness, and is considered to be one of the most important protected areas in Asia due to its supported species. The ecosystem of Gir, with its diverse flora and fauna, is protected as a result of the efforts of the government forest department, wildlife activists and NGOs. The forest area of Gir were the hunting grounds of the Nawabs of Junagadh. However, faced with a drastic drop in the lion population in Gir, Nawab Sir Muhammad Rasul Khanji Babi declared Gir as a "protected" area in 1900. His son, Nawab Muhammad Mahabat Khan, later assisted in the conservation of the lions whose population had plummeted to only 20 through slaughter for trophy hunting.
“Gir Forest is Famous for Home of the Asiatic Lions.”
POINT OF INTEREST
Mahabat Maqbara, Nalsarovar Lake, Junagadh Zoo, Uperkot Fort, Durbar Hall Museum.
SOMNATH SHIV TEMPLE
Somnath Shiva Temple is located in veraval (Junagadh District), Gujarat. Somnath temple, a highly revered temple, is one of the main 12 Shiva temples in India enshrining the Jyotorlingas.
The Aarati Pooja at this temple is rejuvenating and is best for spiritual enlightenment. Mythological evidences put the foundation of this temple by Soma, the Moon. This temple was constructed by the moon and dedicated to Somnath as the moon got reprieve from the curse of Daksha at this place. This is a real august specimen of Indian temple architecture and the worthy religious destination to enlighten strong belief in God.
This temple is constructed in the Chalukya style with a height of about 155 ft. Marvelously adorned Jyotirlinga with flowers, silver and gold adornments is a special attraction in this temple.
“The Somnath temple is known as "The Shrine Eternal".”