Gujarat has a huge and vibrant space of handicraft items. Every items has different making process, meaning, colours, patterns, finalization and usage.
Colorful and vivid shapes and forms of fabric patched together or on another surface create the most attractive and vibrant textile products.A colored piece of fabric cut into various snowflakes like forms or abstract rendition of birds and animals or simple linear patters is sewed on the surface of a different colored fabric.
The composing of forms on fabric surfaces adds in a quality of dimensionality while providing visual depth and surface richness to the negative and positive design background. Appliqué is created by two different techniques and its origin can be identified by the style of fabrication, color usage, composition and the kind of forms of patterns used.
Patchwork is the art of sewing little patches of geometric shaped fabric together to form a textile pattern. Traditionally the patchwork technique was mainly used for fabricating quilts using used pieces of fabric by the women in rural areas.
Floral or abstract, circles or zigzags, figures or animals, birds or trees- diverse patterns are created by the distinctive technique of tie and dye which is traditionally beckoned as Bandhani or Bandhej.
The resist technique of tie-dyeing is derived from the Sanskrit name Bandhana or Bandha. The name which refers to both the technique and the end-product is created by the tedious process of pinching and resist tying of the fabric before dyeing.
Bandhani considered as symbol of girlhood, love and marital happiness and has been an auspicious and significant part of wedding ensembles. Playful patterns of Rasleela to flamboyant depiction of flower gardens, the themes explored and created by the artisans reflected social themes, nature, rituals and many other inspirations.
Bandhani is one of the oldest forms of surfacial embellishment done on textiles. Oldest reference of its antiquity goes back to the Jain Manuscripts followed by miniatures in which noble people have been depicted bedecked in clothing adorned with tiny dots.
Beadwork has permeated into other craft forms enhancing their appeal as in the case of embroidery. In Gujarat, Beadwork ornamentation is a delightful twinkle in the eyes of a tribal woman. Exciting beadwork jewelry from the tribal belt of Gujarat is comfortably draped on ramp models in urban centers while guests are welcomed into home and hearth through beaded torans and welcome mats
Vibrant, multihued, glittering, intricate embroidered textiles of Gujarat appeals and attracts all and sundry. Art of embroidery today enriches the speckled range of design possibilities and is popular amongst every field of creative expression.
Embroidery, the art of embellishing fabrics, is one of the most time-honored medium of surfacial textile design in Gujarat.
Embroidery in Gujarat has been of significant social amplification and more than serving the commercial market, it has been personalized domain of the women, a medium to express and explore! The beauty and glory of the embellished textiles lied in the personalized attachment in the creation process. Embroidered textiles form an integral part of the trousseau which married girls take to her husbands place.
Hand Block Printing
Twinkling stars in an evening sky, dense tropical forests with color and gaiety, simple minimalist repetitive patterns of abstract imagery all of this and much more is the visual result of surfacial embellishment on fabric known as block printing.
The variety of printed textiles is immensely wide and designs keep getting innovative and change according to market requirements, fashion trends, and influences of variegated forms of design being generated the world over. Todays artisan is conscious of market requirements and the kind of client he has to service. Block printed patterns are a series of bold, open ended designs with exciting color combinations
Clay Dexterity of Gujarat Clay, terracotta, mud are all synonymous with the earth which is the wellspring of life! Clay, the very element of earth and life takes on shapes of creativity under the dexterously nimble hands of the potter.
From the earliest beginning mankind has been fascinated with the ability to mold and cast the very earth to suit his needs and bring forth his creative passion. Humankind or man has shared a primordial relationship with clay, this element was found on the banks of rivers and lakes nurturing life itself.
Clay is widely used as a building element, a medium for crafting fine utensils and a mode of artistic creative expression. Patterned design elements are sculpted in relief beautifying homes while the Prajapati or potter turns his wheel shaping utensils of beauty and need. Clay is pinched or molded onto a variety of patterns on a flat surface. The unique quality of this art form is the shallowness of the projected image and the usage of other elements such as glass, beads etc embedded into the design.
Textiles are one of the oldest craft form, a joyous child of aesthetic beauty and material need! “Adornment and ornamentation are intertwined with the whole fabric of rural life in Gujarat.” anonymous. Traditions of textiles in Gujarat have woven their way into the sheer dynamism of vibrantly colorful fabric of its people giving them a sense of identity and unique form.
This craft form in Gujarat mirrors the topographical textures of the region and its design variations are a manifestation of clan and community characteristics. This Textile leagcy in the state has a chequered history dating back three thousand years to the Indus Valley Civilization. Years of migrations, conquests, and trade coupled with the ingenuity of the Gujarati craftsmen resulted in a vast variety of weaving, printing, painting and dyeing techniques.
This constantly evolving tradition spanning an entire stratum of society modeling its way from the ramps of fashion to the interior of homes and keeps incorporating contemporary requirements