A historical town in sabarkantha of Gujarat is Idar. Recorded in epic history and ruled by bhils and descendants of maitraka of valabhis. It’s history traced back to the 7th century. A region was ruled by Rajput clans. Parihar Rajput refounded Idar and ruled until its chief died. Then idar fell into the hands of a koli named Hathi Sora who was succeeded by his son Samalio.
Idar was a one of the princely states.”
Sonangji occupied Idar by killing Rathod prince, and became the founder of the dynasty of the Raos who ruled there for several generations. After numerous changes of fortune and many struggles with the Muslims rulers of Gujarat.
The Raos had at last to leave Idar, and were, in 1728, succeeded by the Rathod dynasty from marwar. They ruled idar for generations and became part of mahikantha agency under British. On independence of India in 1947, Idar became part of indian union.
The first clear tradition shows Idar in the possession of Bhils. When Vallabhi fell in 770, Pushpavati or Kamalavati, one of the queens of Maitraka king Shiladitya, was at the Arasur shrine of Amba Bhavani at Ambaji, fulfilling a vow, for the goddess had heard her prayer and she was with child.
On her way back Pushpavati heard that Vallabhi had fallen and that she was a widow. Taking refuge in a mountain cave, she was delivered of a son, whom she named Gruhaditya or ‘Goha’, the Cave-born. Leaving the baby in the charge of a Brahman woman, and telling her to bring him up as one of her own sons but to marry him to a Rajput’s daughter, she committed Sati by mounting the funeral pile. Idar was then in the hands of the Bhils, and the young Goha, leaving his Brahman mother, took to the woods with the Bhils, and, by his daring, won their hearts. One day the Bhils in sport choosing a king, the choice fell on Goha, and one ‘of the children of the forest’ cutting his finger rubbed the blood on Goha’s forehead as the sovereign mark, tilak. Thus Goha, the son of Shiladitya, became lord of the forests and mountains of Idar.
His descendants are said to have ruled for seven generations, till the Bhils tired of strangers, attacked and slew Nagaditya or Aparajita, the eighth prince of the line.
Vadali, a village nearby idar british general cunningham identified this place with Idar. He further noted that in the eleventh century Vadali was the capital of a family of chiefs claiming descent from Raja Bhara Gupta.
THE RULERS OF IDAR STATE
Rao rule (1257–1300)
Rao during Muslim rule (1300–1731)
Mewar dynasty rule (1731–1948)
NOW A DAYS
First of all now a days idar is not a state it’s a beautiful hill city with warm weather. The city has its own history with modern culture. People come here around the world to see the culture architecture and the heritage monuments. idar is famous for its past history related to idar fort. For the People who don’t idar have to many places to known and roaming around.
Old Palace: At the foothill, one can see the ruins of an old palace, a fine specimen of architecture in stone with delicately carved balconies. The design and ornamentation of architectural elements like pillars, brackets, foliated arches and frescos remind one of the royal buildings at Jodhpur and Bikaner.
Rani Talav: On the side of this palace, there is a huge water tank, Rani Talav; fed by rain water from the hill. An avenue of old trees at the edge of perfectly arranged stone steps and the reflection of the massive stonescape makes an interesting composition.
Temples: At the foothills, the other interesting buildings are Swami Narayan Temple (19th century), Vallabhacharya Temple (19th century) and KhokhanathMahadev.
DolatNiwas Castle: A flight of about 700 steps leads to the fortress plateau, with the famous DolatNiwas Castle located midway. DolatNiwas Castle was built by Maharaja Dolatsinhji (1922-28 AD) and offers a commanding view of the picturesque Idar town.
The palace is now an abandoned structure, but one can imagine its past grandeur. It is a seven-storeyed structure with a maze of staircases, terraces, balconies and courtyards. The cool breeze and commanding view make it the perfect resting place after a long journey to the top.
Other attractions: As one reaches the plateau, one can see at the highest point on the right, Rutheli Rani no Mahal and on the left RanamalChowki. There is a rectangular kund with a series of stone steps leading to the water. A Dargah of a Muslim saint and ancient Shiva Temple are located nearby.
At the edge of the kund, there is a ruined structure- a pavilion with 3 beautifully carved arches and a well with a water channel and an elephant statue. In the past, it might have been a beautiful royal pleasure garden- a miniature version of the Mughal royal gardens.
Shantinath Temple: Further along the way are two Jain temples shantinath temple and Sambhavnath Temple. The most interesting elements of Shantinath temple are two huge carved marble panels, depicting the sacred geography of Girnar and Palitana – two important pilgrimage centers of Jains, the inlay work of coloured stone in the marble flooring is also noteworthy.
ShrimadRajchandraVihar: it is the memorial of guru of Gandhiji, ShrimadRajchandra, is about 3 km from the town, on a hill.
There are several temples of Shiva, besides a MahaMandir, a Laxmi Narayan Temple, 8 Jain temples and 4 mosques. Idar is famous for its handcrafted wooden toys- using simple forms, bright colours and lacquer finish